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  PKMetal MS2

MS2® molten solder surfactant
(U.S. patent and foreign patent pending)

Unlike conventional powders, oils, mechanical separators and even nitrogen blankets, MS2® molten solder surfactant doesn't just reduce solder dross in wave soldering machines—it actually eliminates it.

By eliminating dross, MS2® molten solder surfactant allows manufacturers to reduce their solder usage by as much as 70%, depending on production volume, resulting in significant cost savings.

Dross is formed when molten solder comes into contact with oxygen. Dross consists of metal oxides plus otherwise good solder metal that is bound up with the oxides and is thus unavailable for soldering. This bound-up metal makes up as much as 70% or more of the total amount of dross, which in a typical wave solder machine can amount to as much as 3 lbs. or more per hour.

Immediate ROI

  • Reduces solder usage 40-75% based on production volume
  • Eliminates dross-related soldering defects and rework
  • Greatly reduces the cost of managing hazardous waste

MS2® molten solder surfactant, which is available for both leaded and lead-free processes, is a nontoxic, nonvolatile, organic liquid that is poured onto the surface of the solder bath.

About 200–300 ml is the average amount for an initial charge; a smaller amount of fresh product is usually added once or twice per shift.

MS2® molten solder surfactant does not mix with the metal but forms a thin floating layer that covers areas of the solder surface excluding the wave, which it does not disturb. There are no fumes or odor and no residue is deposited on boards or components.

When MS2® molten solder surfactant is added to the
solder bath, it prevents dross from forming on the surface,
and any dross generated by the exposed solder
wave is immediately converted back into usable metal,
so no dross accumulates.

Furthermore, MS2® molten solder surfactant keeps on
removing metal oxides as solder is pumped through the
system, cleansing and purifying the bath. The result is
lower surface tension; enhanced wetting and fewer solder-
related defects have also been observed.

As the layer of MS2® molten solder surfactant continues
to convert dross back to metal, it will become thicker
and more viscous, and can be easily removed with a
supplied skimmer. The small volume of spent material
can then be inexpensively shipped back to P. Kay Metal
for recycling.



Victor Chan --- Marketing Manager Contact: Victor Chan
Tel/fax: 852-22320623/23140048
E-mail: pkmetal@electronics-trading.com
Skype: victor3268


  • Related Documents
  • FAQ's
Q. How much MS2 can I expect to use?
A. While exact usage depends on machine configuration and time of use per day on average you can assume that a machine generating between 2.5 and 3.0 Lbs of dross per hour will consume 1 liter of MS2 per 40 hours of operation. One liter will usually reduce 45 Kg or 100 Lbs of dross back into useable solder.

Q. How does MS2 work?
A. the active ingredients in the MS2 complexes with metal oxides in the solder bath dross and render them soluble in the bulk material. This material is also unique in its dual role as a heat stable oxygen barrier and as an oxide scavenger. MS2 works with no discernible smoke or odor if used within normal solder pot temperatures. Right out of the bottle MS2 is non-toxic and non-irritating and the resulting spent organometallic waste presents no inhalation or contact hazard.

Q. Does MS2 mix with the solder?
A. No. Not only do we know that because of the chemical formulation we have also confirmed this through numerous independent lab tests. Lab test data is available from P. KAY Metal.

Q. Does MS2 normally contact the assembly being soldered?
A. No, MS2 does not mix with the solder or travel over the wave.

Q. How do I clean MS2 from a board or assembly if I mistakenly do so?
A. MS2 can be removed from circuit boards with a solution of hot water and 4% Environ Gold 816 saponifier.

Q. How do I clean MS2 from tools or machine components?
A. MS2 can be removed from machine components or tools by cleaning with a towel while the item to be cleaned is still warm.

Q. Does MS2 corrode or have a detrimental effect on the materials that compose the solder pot?
A. No

Q. Can MS2 be shipped by air?

A. Yes. There are no restrictions on shipping MS2 by any normal means.

Q. Is MS2 flammable?
A. No, MS2 is not flammable.

Q. Is MS2 conductive?
A. MS2 is not applied to the board and leaves no detrimental residue so this is not normally a concern. Extensive SIR testing has been performed through independent labs. It is not conductive in the fresh or unused condition. However, as it becomes spent it contains metal oxides and possibility flux residues that can be conductive. Of course, dross is also conductive.

Q. What are the equipment manufacturer positions on MS2?
A. Most have no position just as they have no position regarding the brand of solder used. We have had a comment that Our machine does not generate dross so why would the customer use MS2? If everyone used MS2 than our dross free machine would loose its advantage. Frankly we are still looking for that dross free wave solder machine.

Q. How should the small amount of MS2 be handled?

A. While the amount of spent MS2 will equate to a tiny fraction of the dross that would have been generated there will be a few hundred milliliters per day of spent MS2 depending on production volumes. The spent MS2 should be returned to P. KAY Metal or our distributors for return to an authorized recycling center.

Q. Is there any special labeling for spent MS2?
A. Spent MS2 contains oxides of the metals that would be found in the specific solder pot therefore we recommend labeling it as you would dross

Q. Is the spent MS2 considered hazardous?

A. As noted above, the spent MS2 contains oxides of the metals in your solder alloy therefore, for example, spent MS2 that has been used to eliminate dross in a leaded alloy will contain lead oxides and should be treated accordingly.

Q. How is MS2 different from the powders and oils that have been used in the past?
A. MS2 is a process chemical that not only inhibits dross formation but actually reduces dross back to its native metals as it forms. There is no similarity of chemistry between the older materials and the new technology MS2.

Q. MS2 is not a low priced material, how can I calculate my savings when using it?
A. A simple calculation is to determine how much 100 Lbs (45 Kg) of your solder costs as that is how much dross a liter of MS2 reduces back into useable metal. Deduct the cost of that much solder from your cost of one liter of MS2 and you will have a gross savings number. This of course does not take into consideration the significant savings eliminating dross related rework and reducing maintenance as well as increasing throughput will save. P. KAY metal has a savings calculator available for use on the Companies web site that you can use for a more precise calculation.
Q. What is the shelf life of MS2?
A. The shelf life is in excess of two years.

Q. Are there storage temperature limits while storing MS2?
A. The material should not be allowed to reach temperatures below 35 degrees F as some components may separate. There is no practical upper limit to the material within all normally accepted storage conditions. The material is stable at high temperatures. (Continued from page 2) (Continued on page 4)

Q. Why is MS2 200LF so much more expensive and why does it not contain lead?
A. The original formulation was optimized for lead free alloys. It was thought that with lead free solders being so expensive that MS2 would find the most market acceptance in that area. We soon found out that those using leaded solder had a great deal of interest in MS2 also. The price of the MS2 200 LF (for lead free) was to high for economical use with cheaper leaded alloys therefore a less pure, lower cost version, one that did not have to be optimized for lead free RoHS compliant alloys was developed and offered to the market. MS2 200LF does not contain lead because it is purified and optimized differently than the 100Pb which will pick up lead in a cheaper quicker puri f i c a t i o n p r o c e s s .

Q. I see that there is a carbonized ring visible on my solder pot after using MS2. Is this normal or harmful?

A. This is normal. Dross is not a clean byproduct. MS2 is far less messy than dross but it can leave some residues which are easily reduced during normal maintenance. The carbon ring or material that you see has no long term effects to your solder pot or process.

Q. what happens if we completely turn off our pots at the end of the day or for the weekend?
A. Letting the solder cool with the MS2 in place is not a problem unless the metal cools to the solid state. When cooled to the point of being solid the metal can shrink away from the edges allowing MS2 to seep in between the metal and the walls of the solder pot. While this will not harm the pot the trapped MS2 will temporally give some smoke while the pot is re heating. If the pot is allowed to cool to solid we recommend using a P. KAY metal supplied retainer ring or simply remove the MS2 until the pot heated to near operating temperature once again.

PKayMetal MS2 示范


Lead-free solder bath without MS2® molten
solder surfactant, showing typical dross buildup

Lead-free solder bath with MS2® molten solder
surfactant, showing no dross—only shiny solder


2009 P. KAY Metal Inc.